Explorations by Others

Explorations into water's unusual and essential attributes are added periodically to this page in featuring relevant documentaries, exhibitions, performances and public discussions. Links to current and previously featured explorations may be accessed by clicking on the contributor's name.


Water, Food and Sustainability

Whereas saving water in the household is something that people can directly observe and that assists in conserving local water supplies, this savings represents a small fraction of a person’s total water footprint, which includes the water required to produce the goods and services consumed daily. About 90% of personal water footprints is devoted to food in the form of crop and animal production. Altering food choices and reducing food wastage lead to the greatest reduction in water footprints. The most wasted food is meat (comprising one-third of the total in the USA), which requires the most water to produce when compared to other foods on a caloric or weight basis. In addition to its water demand, meat production is a major contributor to climate change, water pollution, global deforestation, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Water, food, and energy are interconnected in a so-called nexus, which means that attaining sustainability in any one sector is dependent on the others. Water is frequently considered the most critical sector because the other two are totally dependent on it.


Dutch scientist Arjen Hoekstra, who developed the concept and calculations for water footprints, discusses food's impact on water resources.

Creating Coral Reefs


Artist Colleen Flanigan explains the challenges facing coral reefs and how sculpture can serve both an aesthetic and an ecological function.

Biological Water Channels


Noble Laureate Peter Agre talks about his discovery of water channels in living organisms, permitting them to transport water rapidly.

Functional Art in Nature


Artist Mara Haseltine talks about using art to design functional structures and to facilitate collaborations between scientists and artists.

Another Kind of Water


Scientist Gerald Pollack talks about water's fourth physical phase and its applications to generating bioenergy to cleaning water itself.

Patterns of Ocean Plastics


Artist Pamela Longobardi documents the types and patterns of plastic wastes and then creates exhibits that draw attention to this ocean issue.

Treating Water Respectfully


Engineer Kepa Morgan uses his professional expertise and indigenous wisdom to address water treatment and environmental remediation.